V.D.Pis'menny is a world-known scientist in the field of plasma and laser physics, the author of over
150 scientific publications and inventions.
V.D.Pis'menny was born in 1932. After graduation from the Departmen of Physics of M.V.Lomonosov Moscow
State University he received post-graduate education and, later, worked at the Research Institute of Nuclear
Physics at Moscow State University. There he founded the Plasma Physics Laboratory - the largest university
laboratory in the USSR engaged in plasma physics. Its research staff has carried out experimental and
theoretical studies, which are of significance to science and engineering today.
Since 1975 V.D.Pis'menny has been working at the Branch of the I.V.Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy,
which, in 1991, was renamed the Troitsk Institute for Innovation and Fusion Research. From 1978 to 2003
V.D.Pis'menny was Director of this Institute and since December 2003 to May 2005 - its scientific
The main lines of V.D.Pis'menny's research activities are the investigations into plasma dynamics and
the development of excitation techniques for high-power gas lasers using ionizing radiation. He was the
first to bring out such physical phenomena and processes as the origin and development of "overheating"
instability; he managed to reveal an essential role of line radiation of contaminants in the energy balance
of thermonuclear plasma and to experimentally prove the possibility of attaining laser generation at excitation
of gas media by energy from nuclear reactions.
V.D.Pis'menny developed the physical principles of designing powerful electron-ionizing ÑÎ2-lasers
based on the effect of a sharp rise in the generation power of the laser when its working medium excited
by a non-self-maintained discharge controlled with ionizing radiation. His investigations were dealt with
the physics of pulse-periodic gas lasers operating at atmospheric pressure of their working mixture. V.D.Pis'menny
is known for his notable contribution to the development of a great experimental base of the Institute
that involves a number of quite unique physical facilities.
The laser facilities with various active media (ÑÎ2-lasers, CO-lasers, excimer
and solid-state lasers) created under his guidance and at his active participation are distinguished
by both a variety of their operation modes (continuous, pulsed and pulse-periodic) and parameters. The
investigations are being conducted into the application of these lasers in different areas, e.g. controlled
thermonuclear fusion, plasma diagnostics, material processing, laser chemistry and laser isotopes separation,
environment protection, etc.
There is considerable interest in the recently developed mobile technological laser facilities. They
are capable of a remote action on various objects with a ~ 50 kW laser beam, in particular, to cut
metal or ferroconcrete constructions in cases of disassembly and emergency repairs at gas and oil wells
and nuclear power plants.
Such facilities are also effective when applied with the goal of burning spilled oil films, deactivating
surfaces by peeling etc.
For his advances in the research activity V.D.Pismenny is awarded the USSR State Prize (1978), the Lenin
Prize (1984) and the RF Government Prize (2002).
In 1984 he was elected Correponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
His life experience enables him to demonstrate a state approach to the solution of scientific and national
economy problems. Having been a post-graduate of the MSU Physical Department, he was among the initiators
of the student builders movement and, for several years, Commander of the All-Union movement.
In 1986 V.D.Pis'menny took an active part in the works associated with the liquidation of the consequences
of Chernobyl accident.
Being an Honorary Citizen and Chairman of the Scientific Center Council of the town of Troitsk, Moscow
Region he is paying great attention to the solution of problems arising in its development.
For his achievements in the research and public activities V.D.Pis'menny was awarded the Order of "Honor
Sign", the Order of Courage and four medals.