The experimental base is based on two thermonuclear installations ("Tokamak with a strong TSP field" and "Tokamak T-11M") and a test bench. The thermonuclear installation "Tokamak with a strong TSP field" is one of the largest installations of this type in the world, intended for researching physical processes to substantiate an experimental fusion reactor - researching the behavior of plasma in regimes close to ignition, researching and testing various methods of additional plasma heating, mastering tritium technology. The TSP power complex consists of 4 short-term electric machine units with flywheels (shock generators) with a total power of up to 1000 MW (5 s), a transformer substation of 16 step-down transformers, thyristor rectifier-converters blocks, high-capacity inductive storage devices up to 1000 MJ, capacitive storage up to 10 MJ, high-current busbar galleries, high-current high-voltage protection systems and other systems.
Tokamak T-11M is one of the currently operating Russian tokamaks, designed to conduct experiments in support of the Russian Federation's Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion (CTF) Programs and the ITER international project. The installation does not require large material costs in comparison with large thermonuclear installations. The installation is used to study ion-cyclotron heating of plasma, study the dynamics of discharge breakdown, develop new plasma diagnostics, study the materials of the first wall, and develop methods for its protection. Installation parameters: plasma current 0.1 MA, plasma temperature 400–600 eV, plasma density 7x1013 cm3. The experimental TSP Complex also includes a number of installations and stands. The "TREC" installation is intended for research of arc discharge in various environments, development and testing of magnetic storage systems and switching equipment for pulsed power supply systems of thermonuclear installations. At the INJECTOR facility and the EGI-1 facility, work is being carried out to study the problems of fuel injection into thermonuclear facilities, as well as to study the physics of throwing low-mass solids (fuel pellets). Stands for neutron, optical, engineering diagnostics and a number of other physical diagnostics are intended for testing the diagnostics being developed under the CTS programs and under the ITER project.
Power supply for electrical installations of OFTR and other departments of the Institute in a wide range of voltages and currents. The power complex (EC) is a distributed structure that includes 6 and 10 kV industrial frequency switchgears, cable and overhead networks, electrical machine and thyristor converters, capacitive and inductive storage devices.
The main advantages and capabilities of the TSP Complex
The TSP thermonuclear complex is a large research and experimental base and is designed to work with pre-reactor-scale thermonuclear installations and super-powerful soft X-ray sources, as well as for testing unique energy and electrical systems and equipment, experimental power systems. The experimental base is unique in terms of its energy, experimental and test capabilities; it has no analogues in Russia and in the world. The total area of buildings and structures of the FTR experimental base is 73,480 m2. The main experimental building has an experimental hall with an area of 2000 m2 with biological shielding, which allows working under conditions of powerful ionizing radiation using hydrogen, deuterium and tritium, a tritium laboratory for supplying tritium fuel of the required purity to the tokamak, with utilization systems and special technological ventilation. In terms of its parameters and technical capabilities, as well as due to its high versatility, the power system of the complex has no analogues in the world and can serve as an energy basis for large national and international projects. Among them: a tokamak with ignition and long-term combustion, liner theta-pinch, a super-powerful power sharpener for a super-intense source of soft X-ray radiation (the Baikal installation), a super-powerful solid-state laser on glass, an electromagnetic booster complex for space purposes, and others.
The main areas of research:
- experimental modeling of powerful power systems;
- studies of plasma behavior in modes close to ignition;
- research and development of various methods of additional plasma heating;
- experimental studies of ways to protect the first wall of a tokamak;
- development of diagnostic systems at large thermonuclear installations;
- mastering tritium technology.
Regulations for access to existing equipment
The procedure for performing work and rendering services. The performance of research and development and the provision of services, including experimental developments in the interests of third parties, are carried out subject to the conclusion of business contracts or contracts of connection. If necessary, the contracts may provide for the participation of the Customer's representatives in the development. In this case, participants in experimental studies must have the appropriate permits.
Terms of consideration of applications for the performance of work and the provision of services. The processing time for applications, as a rule, is no more than 2 weeks. In some cases, coordination of work with the parent organization may slightly increase the specified time.
The list of reasons for rejection of applications. The application may be rejected for the following reasons:
- the topic of the declared work does not correspond to the profile of the TSP installation complex;
- the technical parameters required to carry out the declared work do not correspond to the capabilities of the Complex;
- workload of the Complex with planned works.
List of available measurement techniques / methods
- Infrared diagnostics of in-chamber tokamak elements.
- Technique for measuring plasma density in a tokamak chamber using a microwave signal.
- Method for mass spectrometric measurement of residual gas in a tokamak chamber.
- Method for measuring soft X-ray radiation.
- Electromagnetic diagnostics of magnetic fields.
- Technique for visual observation of plasma glow in the tokamak chamber.